Andhra Pradesh Drought Adaptation
Strategies to Scale up APDAI initiatives
AP DAI aims at
developing packages of tested measures for drought
adaptation. Pilot initiatives were started at a small scale
and successful pilots were scaled up within the project
Mandals and then at District level, through ongoing rural
development and other programs of the government.
In the first Phase, individual pilots were tried out with
integration of comprehensive package of measures. The second
phase further pursued this approach. Focus was not only on
technical aspects, but also on institutional and
organizational modalities for up-scaling, in terms of;
participatory processes, institutional mechanisms,
facilitation structures, technical support and budgets etc.
Based on this approach the following options emerged;
Integrating with ongoing government programs: This process
takes the district government departmental nodes and
programs as the anchorage to up-scale AP DAI experiences.
with the Watershed Development Program: The Watershed
development program is a comprehensive program related to
natural resources management with a livelihoods orientation.
Several options are being pursued in cooperation with this
in watersheds in Mahabubnagar district: This is already
initiated in 80 watersheds in Mahabubnagar district, by the
district agency. Trainings and exposure visits are organized
for watershed team members and plans are being evolved.
with Prime Ministerís Relief Package: Currently, about
250 watershed development programs are being implemented
under the Watershed Development Fund, NABARD. WASSAN is
supporting 100,000 ha under this program and initiatives
have already been taken to expose functionaries working in
those areas to AP-DAI experiences.
with Livestock Programs: Several of the APDAI
initiatives are related to livestock services and they have
been developed in close collaboration with the district
Animal Husbandry (AH) department. The livestock related
pilots are already being integrated into watershed
with the Department of Fisheries: The Fisheries
department is intensively involved in the tank-based
fisheries pilots. Efforts to integrate and upscale have
already yielded into a fisheries program for 3 districts,
with 300 tanks.
with National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS):
NREGS has a presence in all the villages and is a demand
based program with substantial budgetary allocations. Its
basic objective is to provide guaranteed minimum employment
for the poorest of the poor. Pilots with strong labour
component like Diversified Farming Systems and Inland
Fisheries have already considered under NREGS. In order to
include such pilots under the NREGS, it is necessary to
prepare detailed estimates with regard to the labour that is
required for each step in the process as well as monitoring
and assessment methods. WASSAN is focusing on providing such
support for NREGS machinery.