Home   Sitemap   Feedback  Contact   Login

Andhra Pradesh Drought Adaptation Initiative (APDAI)


Community Managed Livestock Vaccination

 

WASSAN, with the support of local Mandal Mahila Samakhya (MMS) has been facilitating livestock vaccination in Kosgi mandal of Mahabubangar, since 2006. It was started in 5 villages but later extended to another six villages. In the first year, 280 animals were vaccinated. Next year the number rose to 525 animals. The same model was extended to 25 villages of two APDAI districts; Mahabubnagar and Anantapur. Subsequently, the program further expanded in the following years; Such extension was possible due to consistent efforts in organizing awareness camps and building the pool of trained Animal Health Workers (AHWs), in liaison with Department of Animal Husbandry.
 

The major advantage of this model is that the para-worker becomes institutionally anchored with the community based organization, capitalizing on the already existing institutional base for raising demand for vaccination services. All the so called ‘indiscreet’ livestock that have lot of functional value in the farming systems could be covered in this model. The MMS provide anchorage to a pool of para-workers trained in vaccination work. With the help from AH Department, Village Organizations (VOs) and Gram Panchayat and local MMS collectively draws up a schedule for vaccination. The actual service delivery is outsourced to the para-workers. The VO and Gram Panchayat will organize the vaccination camp on the scheduled date and collect service charges from the people. The para-worker is paid service charge by the VO. The data along with signatures would be submitted to the AH Department.


Simultaneously, efforts were also made to integrate this vaccination model into NABARD funded watershed development programs in Adilabad, Karimnagar and other districts (See Box 1: Details of Livestock Vaccination).

Box No. 1: Details of Livestock Vaccination (2009-2010)

Districts

No. of AWHs trained

Large ruminants

Small ruminants

Poultry

No.

No. of villages

No.

No. of villages

No.

No. of villages

Ananatapur

21

1414

17

8857

14

2477

6

Adilabad

9

4672

13

396

6

-

-

Mahabubnagar

12

2345

17

850

10

-

-

 

In an APDAI review meeting, Principle Secretary, Rural Development, Government of Andhra Pradesh decided to scale up the model in all the Mandals in Anantapur district through District Rural Development Agency (DRDA), as part of Indira Kranthi Patham (IKP). Orientation and trainings were organized in this regard for various stakeholders, but it could not move forward as Project Director, DRDA transferred. But the initiative is intensified on the platforms of MMSs and Watershed Development Committees in Mahabubnagar, Anantapur, Adilabad and Karimnagar districts. The farmers in the villages are demanding for advanced vaccination as they realized the importance of preventive vaccinations (See Box 2: Perception of the households on benefits).

Box No. 2: Perception of the households on benefits with livestock vaccination

Indicator

Large ruminants

Small ruminants

Poultry

T1*

T2**

T1

T2

T1

T2

% of members who reported in reduction of diseases in animals

95

17

8857

14

2477

6

% of members who reported reduction unnecessary expenditure

83

73

54

90

73

80

% of members who informed saving of time

88

83

54

95

76

88

 

Key Lessons

Department of Animal Husbandry must make monthly disease surveillance meetings as its institutional mandate and allocate required budgets (mainly for travel costs of participants). Based on the disease incidence and livestock population in an area, annual vaccination schedule could be announced. Presence of a dedicated facilitator would enable the department to quickly respond to disease outbreaks resulting directly or indirectly from climate change. Vaccines for diseases like ET are supplied by the government free of cost. But, FMD and HS&BQ combined vaccines are either not supplied or supplied at a subsidized rate. In such cases, it is rather difficult to collect the charges ahead of the vaccination event to procure vaccines. Investments are also needed on certain equipment. Creation of a Livestock Revolving Fund for those villages
accepting to take up vaccination could be a solution in such cases.

Back to top


:: CONTENTS ::

Back

Diversified Farming Systems

Promotion of Millets through PDS and Integrating into the Farming System

SRI under Tank Commands and Borewells

Groundwater sharing through pooling of bore wells

Community managed common land development

Community managed livestock vaccination program

Deccani sheep breed improvement program

Promotion of Ram lamb rearing

Promotion of network based backyard poultry (BYP)

Community based inland fisheries

Leasing Plough Bullock Constraints for Poor Farmers

Efforts and Strategies to scale up APDAI initiatives

Watershed Support Services And Activities Network (W A S S A N)
12-13-452, Street No:1, Tarnaka, Secunderabad- 500 017, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Ph: + 91- 40- 27015295 / 27015296/ Fax: 27018581
E-mail :
wassanmail@gmail.com

© WASSAN, www.wassan.org